植物大战僵尸

建立大众参加环境影响点评准则 环境影响点评的公共参加准则

2019-07-24 09:03:51 369

建立大众参加(jia)环境影(ying)响(xiang)点评准(zhun)则 环境影(ying)响(xiang)点评的公共参加(jia)准(zhun)则

建立大(da)众参加(jia)(jia)环(huan)境(jing)(jing)影响点(dian)评(ping)准则环(huan)境(jing)(jing)影响点(dian)评(ping)的(de)公共参加(jia)(jia)(Publicparticipation)准则,指建设单位及审批环(huan)境(jing)(jing)影响点(dian)评(ping)陈述(shu)书(shu)(表(biao)(biao))机关以外的(de)其他相(xiang)关机关、地方政府、社会团体、学者(zhe)专家、人大(da)代表(biao)(biao)、政协委员、当地居民等,经过法(fa)定的(de)方法(fa),参加(jia)(jia)环(huan)境(jing)(jing)影响点(dian)评(ping)的(de)制(zhi)作、检(jian)查与监督等的(de)活(huo)动。

《我(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)保(bao)(bao)护(hu)(hu)(hu)法(fa)》对(dui)(dui)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)大(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)问题没(mei)有(you)进行规(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)。我(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)早对(dui)(dui)大(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)规(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)见于(yu)1993年(nian)原(yuan)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)保(bao)(bao)护(hu)(hu)(hu)局、计(ji)委、财政(zheng)(zheng)部(bu)和(he)(he)(he)(he)中(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)人(ren)民银行在(zai)1993年(nian)6月21日发(fa)布的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)《关于(yu)加(jia)(jia)(jia)强(qiang)国(guo)(guo)(guo)际(ji)金融安(an)排借(jie)款(kuan)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)(mu)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)管(guan)理工(gong)(gong)作的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)告诉(su)》,该告诉(su)指出(chu)(chu):"对(dui)(dui)国(guo)(guo)(guo)际(ji)金融安(an)排借(jie)款(kuan)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)(mu)(以(yi)下简称借(jie)款(kuan)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)(mu))环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)保(bao)(bao)护(hu)(hu)(hu)工(gong)(gong)作,世(shi)界银行、亚洲开发(fa)银行均有(you)清晰的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)要(yao)求(qiu),并将借(jie)款(kuan)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)意(yi)图(tu)《环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)陈(chen)述(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)书(shu)(shu)》(以(yi)下简称《陈(chen)述(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)书(shu)(shu)》)列为(wei)办理借(jie)款(kuan)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)(mu)手续不行缺少的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)文件之一,对(dui)(dui)借(jie)款(kuan)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)(mu)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)提出(chu)(chu)了(le)较完整的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)程序(xu)和(he)(he)(he)(he)要(yao)求(qiu)。"为(wei)此告诉(su)要(yao)求(qiu)"大(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)是(shi)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)重要(yao)组成部(bu)分(fen),《陈(chen)述(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)书(shu)(shu)》中(zhong)(zhong)应设(she)(she)(she)专门章节予以(yi)表(biao)(biao)述(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu),使或(huo)许受影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)大(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)或(huo)社(she)会团体(ti)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)利益能得(de)到考虑和(he)(he)(he)(he)补偿。大(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)作可在(zai)《点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)纲要(yao)》编制(zhi)(zhi)和(he)(he)(he)(he)检查(cha)、《陈(chen)述(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)书(shu)(shu)》检查(cha)阶段进行。"并规(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)了(le)两种(zhong)大(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)方法(fa):种(zhong)是(shi):建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)单位(wei)和(he)(he)(he)(he)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)保(bao)(bao)部(bu)分(fen)直接听取借(jie)款(kuan)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)(mu)所在(zai)地(di)(区、县(xian))人(ren)大(da)(da)(da)代(dai)表(biao)(biao)、政(zheng)(zheng)协委员、群众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)团体(ti)、学术团体(ti)或(huo)居委会、村(cun)委会代(dai)表(biao)(biao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)定(ding)(ding)见和(he)(he)(he)(he)建(jian)(jian)(jian)议;第二种(zhong)是(shi):项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)(mu)所在(zai)地(di)(区、县(xian))人(ren)大(da)(da)(da)、政(zheng)(zheng)协或(huo)群众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)团体(ti)咨(zi)询(xun)受影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)地(di)区大(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)定(ding)(ding)见。该《告诉(su)》尽管(guan)对(dui)(dui)大(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)作了(le)较为(wei)清晰的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)规(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze),但它却针对(dui)(dui)国(guo)(guo)(guo)际(ji)金融安(an)排借(jie)款(kuan)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)(mu)。在(zai)1996年(nian)《水污染防(fang)治(zhi)法(fa)》修正过程中(zhong)(zhong),根(gen)据《里约宣言》的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)精力,增加(jia)(jia)(jia)了(le)一项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)特别的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)规(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze),即(ji)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)(mu)"环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)陈(chen)述(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)书(shu)(shu)中(zhong)(zhong),应该有(you)该建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)(mu)所在(zai)地(di)单位(wei)和(he)(he)(he)(he)居民的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)定(ding)(ding)见",使大(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)普通建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)意(yi)图(tu)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)准(zhun)则(ze)(ze)(ze)在(zai)立法(fa)上初(chu)现(xian)端倪。1996年(nian)经(jing)过的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)《噪声污染防(fang)治(zhi)法(fa)》对(dui)(dui)大(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)准(zhun)则(ze)(ze)(ze)也(ye)作了(le)与《水污染防(fang)治(zhi)法(fa)》相同的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)规(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)。1998年(nian)国(guo)(guo)(guo)务院经(jing)过的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)《建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)(mu)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)保(bao)(bao)护(hu)(hu)(hu)管(guan)理法(fa)令》第15对(dui)(dui)大(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)作了(le)非常准(zhun)则(ze)(ze)(ze)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)规(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze):"建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)单位(wei)编制(zhi)(zhi)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)陈(chen)述(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)书(shu)(shu),应当按(an)照有(you)关法(fa)律规(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze),寻(xun)求(qiu)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)项(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)目(mu)(mu)(mu)所在(zai)地(di)有(you)关单位(wei)和(he)(he)(he)(he)居民的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)定(ding)(ding)见。"因为(wei)我(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)规(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)了(le)大(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)和(he)(he)(he)(he)未规(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)大(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)法(fa)律,均没(mei)有(you)具体(ti)规(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)大(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)程序(xu),因而该规(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)实(shi)践采取了(le)逃避矛盾的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)做法(fa)。

建立大众参加环境影响点评准则 环境影响点评的公共参加准则

内蒙古环境影响评价

(1)环境影响点评(ping)的(de)大众参加(jia)是施(shi)行环境影响点评(ping)准则普遍推行的(de)做法。

我国环(huan)境(jing)影响(xiang)点评(ping)准(zhun)则是从(cong)国外借鉴而(er)来的(de)。而(er)在(zai)各国和国际社(she)会,环(huan)境(jing)影响(xiang)点评(ping)的(de)大众(zhong)参加普遍(bian)推行(xing)的(de)做法(fa)。

美(mei)国(guo)(guo)《环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)方针法(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)》是世界上早(zao)规(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)准则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de),但(dan)(dan)其(qi)对(dui)(dui)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)仅(jin)在(zai)第二篇(pian)第五(wu)节(jie)条(tiao)规(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze),应寻(xun)求相关安(an)排、部(bu)分、地(di)方政(zheng)(zheng)府的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)定(ding)(ding)见(jian)(jian),对(dui)(dui)是否寻(xun)求大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)定(ding)(ding)见(jian)(jian)没(mei)有(you)进行清(qing)晰(xi)规(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)。不(bu)过在(zai)美(mei)国(guo)(guo)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)质量委员会拟(ni)定(ding)(ding)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)《环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)方针施行程序(xu)(xu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)法(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)令》中对(dui)(dui)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)程序(xu)(xu)作了(le)(le)(le)详(xiang)细(xi)规(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze),包括参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)阶段、参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)范(fan)围、参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)怀人员、参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)作用以及参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)限制等。[4]《加(jia)(jia)(jia)拿大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)点(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)法(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)》(CanadianEnvironmentalAssessmentAct)在(zai)前语部(bu)分规(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze):"加(jia)(jia)(jia)拿大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)政(zheng)(zheng)府将尽力促进大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)由(you)加(jia)(jia)(jia)拿大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)政(zheng)(zheng)府或(huo)经(jing)加(jia)(jia)(jia)拿大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)政(zheng)(zheng)府同(tong)意(yi)(yi)或(huo)帮忙(mang)施行项(xiang)意(yi)(yi)图(tu)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)点(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping),并(bing)供给(ji)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)点(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)所根据的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)基础材料(liao)。"并(bing)把"保证(zheng)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)有(you)机(ji)会参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)点(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)程序(xu)(xu)"作为环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)点(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)法(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)意(yi)(yi)图(tu)之(zhi)一。在(zai)该(gai)(gai)法(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)点(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)程序(xu)(xu)中清(qing)晰(xi)规(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)了(le)(le)(le)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)对(dui)(dui)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)。该(gai)(gai)法(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)第18(3)规(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze),对(dui)(dui)简(jian)单项(xiang)意(yi)(yi)图(tu)点(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping),应考虑(lv)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)定(ding)(ding)见(jian)(jian),并(bing)规(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze):"如(ru)果主管安(an)排以为在(zai)这(zhei)时(shi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)情形下(xia)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)应参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)项(xiang)意(yi)(yi)图(tu)简(jian)单型环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping),或(huo)当有(you)关法(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)规(gui)(gui)(gui)这(zhei)样要(yao)求时(shi),主管安(an)排应告诉大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),使其(qi)有(you)机(ji)会在(zai)主管安(an)排采取办(ban)法(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)之(zhi)前,参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)检(jian)查简(jian)单型环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)陈述(shu)(shu)和(he)(he)(he)(he)其(qi)他已(yi)经(jing)提交(jiao)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)记录(lu)并(bing)发(fa)表定(ding)(ding)见(jian)(jian)。"对(dui)(dui)综合(he)性环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping),该(gai)(gai)法(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)第22(2)规(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze),"任(ren)何(he)人都可(ke)以对(dui)(dui)该(gai)(gai)综合(he)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)点(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)陈述(shu)(shu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)结论和(he)(he)(he)(he)建议以及其(qi)他任(ren)何(he)部(bu)分向加(jia)(jia)(jia)拿大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)点(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)安(an)排提交(jiao)定(ding)(ding)见(jian)(jian)。"此(ci)外,该(gai)(gai)法(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)还对(dui)(dui)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)具(ju)体(ti)程序(xu)(xu)性问题如(ru)信(xin)息(xi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)揭(jie)露(lu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)方法(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)、大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)听(ting)证(zheng)会等作了(le)(le)(le)规(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)。《加(jia)(jia)(jia)拿大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)点(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)法(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)》除了(le)(le)(le)适用于(yu)(yu)国(guo)(guo)内(nei)(nei)项(xiang)意(yi)(yi)图(tu)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping),也(ye)适用于(yu)(yu)跨(kua)鸿沟环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)和(he)(he)(he)(he)其(qi)他环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)、国(guo)(guo)际(ji)性环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)、对(dui)(dui)特定(ding)(ding)联(lian)邦土地(di)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang),并(bing)同(tong)时(shi)规(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)了(le)(le)(le)在(zai)上述(shu)(shu)项(xiang)意(yi)(yi)图(tu)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)。日(ri)本《环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)法(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)》(TheEnvironmentalImpactAssessmentLaw)规(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)了(le)(le)(le)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)听(ting)证(zheng)会程序(xu)(xu)和(he)(he)(he)(he)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)监督(du)程序(xu)(xu)。第18条(tiao)第1项(xiang)规(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)"从(cong)保护环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)角度出发(fa),但(dan)(dan)凡对(dui)(dui)相关环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)陈述(shu)(shu)(EIS)草案有(you)定(ding)(ding)见(jian)(jian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)人,在(zai)第十六条(tiao)规(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)公告时(shi)间(jian)开(kai)端至揭(jie)露(lu)检(jian)查时(shi)间(jian)完毕后两周内(nei)(nei),可(ke)以以文(wen)件的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)方法(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)给(ji)项(xiang)目(mu)(mu)发(fa)起人清(qing)晰(xi)其(qi)定(ding)(ding)见(jian)(jian)。"俄罗(luo)斯(si)联(lian)邦环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)和(he)(he)(he)(he)自然资源(yuan)保护部(bu)于(yu)(yu)1994年7月18日(ri)公布的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)《俄罗(luo)斯(si)联(lian)邦环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)法(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)令》尽管内(nei)(nei)容(rong)不(bu)多,但(dan)(dan)第五(wu)部(bu)分对(dui)(dui)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)听(ting)证(zheng)程序(xu)(xu)作了(le)(le)(le)清(qing)晰(xi)规(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)。《法(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)令》5、1规(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze):"建议有(you)关社会团(tuan)体(ti)和(he)(he)(he)(he)非(fei)政(zheng)(zheng)府安(an)排帮忙(mang)承(cheng)办(ban)者(定(ding)(ding)作人)举办(ban)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)听(ting)证(zheng)或(huo)许讨(tao)论,广泛通(tong)(tong)报(bao)(bao)关于(yu)(yu)施行拟(ni)议中的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)活动(dong)计划的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)计划和(he)(he)(he)(he)其(qi)他建议的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)信(xin)息(xi)材料(liao),以便对(dui)(dui)下(xia)列事项(xiang)进行评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)论......"并(bing)对(dui)(dui)信(xin)息(xi)材料(liao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)通(tong)(tong)报(bao)(bao)、大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)听(ting)证(zheng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)安(an)排和(he)(he)(he)(he)举办(ban)办(ban)法(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)作了(le)(le)(le)具(ju)体(ti)规(gui)(gui)(gui)则(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)(ze)。欧盟(meng)理(li)事会1997年3月3日(ri)97/11/EC指令《关于(yu)(yu)必定(ding)(ding)公共(gong)和(he)(he)(he)(he)私人项(xiang)目(mu)(mu)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)指令85/337/EEC修正案》也(ye)将大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)众(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)参(can)(can)(can)(can)(can)加(jia)(jia)(jia)环(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)(huan)境(jing)(jing)(jing)影(ying)(ying)(ying)响(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)点(dian)(dian)评(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)作为其(qi)重要(yao)内(nei)(nei)容(rong)。


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